Pirolisis Katalitik Tandan Kosong Sawit Menjadi Bio-oil dengan Katalis HZSM-5

Sunarno Sunarno

Abstract


One of the alternative new energy sources is biomass. Biomass can be processes to produce bio-oil. The pyrolysis method was used to convert the palm empty fruit bunch from biomass to bio-oil. The purpose of this research are to study the influence of pyrolysis temperature with bio-oil yield and its properties. Pyrolysis process in slurry reactor with 50 grams palm empty fruit bunch, 500 ml thermo-oil and 2% HZSM-5 catalyst. Operating temperature variation (290,300,310 dan 3200 C) have been done. The result show that the optimum temperature obtained at 3200 C with bio-oil yield is 73.6%. The characterization result of bio-oil product are density is 1.008 gr/ml, viscosity is 12.63 cp, flash point 490 C, and maximum of component obtained is acetic acid with 47.09%.


Keywords


Bio-oil ; HZSM-5; New energy source; Pyrolysis

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)


DOI: https://doi.org/10.31315/e.v11i1.325

Refbacks

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


Eksergi p-ISSN  1410-394X, e-ISSN 2460-8203,  is published by Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Industrial Engineering, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional "Veteran" Yogyakarta.

Contact Chemical Engineering Department, UPN "Veteran" Yogyakarta Jl. SWK 104 (Lingkar Utara) Condong catur Sleman Yogyakarta

EKSERGI is associated to APTEKIM (Asosiasi Pendidikan Tinggi Teknik Kimia), Indonesia.


 Creative Commons License

Eksergi by http://jurnal.upnyk.ac.id/index.php/eksergi/index/ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

 

Lihat Statistik Jurnal Kami