Effect of the Phenol Concentration on the Phenol Photodegradation Effectivity using TitaniaCarbon Nanotube-cocoPAS Composite

Desi Heltina, Nadhia Gasani Putri, Panca Setia Utama

Abstract


Aromatic compounds in industrial wastewater such as phenols can contribute as pollutants which are highly toxic and carcinogenic. Phenol degradation can be carried out by a photocatalytic process which can convert phenol into non-toxic and enviromentally friendly compounds. The performance of titania (TiO2) photocatalyst was enhanced by using carbon nanotube as a doping agent for titania. To reduce carbon nanotube agglomeration, the surface of carbon nanotube was modified with cocoPAS surfactant. The purpose of this study was to synthesize titania-carbon nanotube-cocoPAS composite and evaluated the effect of initial phenol concentration (10, 20, 30 ppm) on the phenol photodegradation effectivity using titania-carbon nanotube-cocoPAS composite. Titania-carbon nanotube-cocoPAS composite synthesis was carried out by forming a composite between TiO2 and carbon nanotube that had been modified by surfactant. Composite were characterized by SEM, FTIR, and XRD. Phenol photodegradation was carried out at a degradation temperature of 50ºC for 4 hours under UV light. Samples were drawn at regular intervals and residual concentration of phenol in each sample was analysed using UV-Visible spechtrophotometer. The highest degradation effectivity in 4 hours was 81% at initial phenol concentration of 10 ppm.

Keywords


fotokatalisis; degradasi; komposit; titania; carbon nanotube; fenol; konsentrasi

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31315/e.v17i2.3691

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Eksergi p-ISSN  1410-394X, e-ISSN 2460-8203,  is published by Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Industrial Engineering, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional "Veteran" Yogyakarta.

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