Biogas Production from Vegetables and Fruit Wastes Using Anaerobic Floating Bioreactor

soeprijanto soeprijanto, Anfi Reynikha Fatullah, Sashi Agustina, Dyah Firdha Amalia, Alif Adi Kaisar

Abstract


Markets and supermarkets are one of the pillars of the country's economy, besides that, they are also the biggest contributors to vegetable and fruit waste which can cause various environmental problems. Therefore, the abundance of vegetable and fruit waste produced by markets and supermarkets can be utilized as environmentally friendly alternative energy, namely biogas. This study aimed to determine the effect of organic loading rate (OLR) on biogas production and gas composition in a continuous anaerobic floating bioreactor using mixed vegetable and fruit waste. A 40-l anaerobic floating bioreactor was utilized and the hydraulic retention time was 10 days; one kg of vegetable and fruit wastes at a 1:1 mass ratio was added with water to 4 l and introduced during 25 days; the daily biogas production was collected in a floating drum and measured as volume. The maximum biogas yield was 0.0452 m3/kg, achieved using the OLR of 0.0125 kg/l.day.  The use of OLR of 0.0250, 0.0375 and 0.0500 kg/l.d reached biogas yields of 0.0435, 0.0282, and 0.0163 m3/kg, respectively. The composition of the maximum biogas yield was 68.17% CH4, 19.34% CO2, 1.85% H2S, and 0.64% NH3


Keywords


Biogas; bioreactor; HRT; OLR; vegetable waste; fruit waste

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al Mamun, M.R. and Torii, S., 2014. Production of biomethane from cafeteria, vegetable and fruit wastes by anaerobic Co-Digestion Process. Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies Vol. 1. No. 2, 94-99.

Babaee, A. and Shayegan, J., 2011. Effect of organic loading rates (OLR) on production of methane from anaerobic digestion of vegetables waste. Proceedings of World Renewable Energy Congress-2011 Sweden, 411-417

Bong, C.P.C., Lim, L.Y., Lee, C.T., Kleme, J.J., Ho, C.S., Ho, W.S., 2018. The characterisation and treatment of food waste for improvement of biogas production during anaerobic digestion - a review. J. Clean. Prod. Vol. 172, 1545-1558.

https:/doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.10.199

Borowski, S., 2015. Co-digestion of the hydromechanically separated organic fraction of municipal solid waste with sewage sludge. J. Environ. Manage. Vol. 147, 87–94.

Bouallagui, H., Ben, Cheikh, R., Marouani, L., Hamdi, M., 2003. Mesophilic biogas production from fruit and vegetable waste in tubular digester. Bioresour. Technol. Vol. 86, 85–89.

Bouallagui, H., Touhami, Y., Ben Cheikh, R., Hamdia, M., 2005. Bioreactor performance in anaerobic digestion of fruit and vegetable wastes: review. Process Biochem. Vol. 40, 989–995.

Bouallagui, H., Lahdheb, H., Ben Romdan, E., Rachdi, B., Hamdi, M., 2009. Improvement of fruit and vegetable waste anaerobic digestion performance and stability with co-substrates addition. J. Environ. Manage. Vol. 90, 1844–1849.

Carneiro, T.F., Pérez, M., Romero, L.I., 2008. Anaerobic digestion of municipal solid wastes: Dry thermophilic performance. Bioresour. Technol. Vol. 99, 8180–8184

Deublein, Dieter and Angelika Steinhauser 2008. Biogas from Waste and Renewable Resources. Wiley-VHC: Jerman.

Dhanalakshmi S. V., Srinivasan S.V., Kayalvizhi R. and Bhuvaneswari R., 2012. Studies on Conversion of Carbohydratecontent in the Mixture of Vegetable Wastes into Biogas in a Single Stage Anaerobic Reactor. Res. J. Chem. Sci. Vol. 2. No. 6, 66-71.

Dhanalakshmi, S.V. and Ramanujam, R.A., 2012. Biogas generation in a vegetable waste anaerobic digester : An analytical approach. Res. J. Recent Sci. Vol. 1. No. 3, 41-47.

Edwiges, T., Mantovani Frare, L., Lima Alino, J.H., Mi Triolo, J., Flotats, X., Silva de Mendonça Costa, M.S., 2020. Methane potential of fruit and vegetable waste: an evaluation of the semi-continuous anaerobic mono digestion. Environ. Technol. Vol.41 No.7

Fisgativa, H., Tremier, A., Dabert, P., 2016. Characterizing the variability of food waste quality: a need for efficient valorization through anaerobic digestion. Waste Manag. Vol. 50, 264-274.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2016.01.041.

Forster-Carneiro, T., Perez, M., Romero, L.I., 2008. Influence of total solid and inoculum contents on performance of anaerobic reactors treating food waste. Bioresour. Technol.Vol. 99, 6763–6770.

Huang, X., Yun, S., Zhu, J., Du, T., Zhang, C., Li, X., 2016. Mesophilic anaerobic codigestion of aloe peel waste with dairy manure in the batch digester: focusing on mixing ratios and digestate stability. Bioresour. Technol. Vol. 218, 62–68.

Koido, K., Takeuchi, H., Hasegawa, T., 2018. Life cycle environmental and economic analysis of regional- scale food-waste biogas production with digestate nutrient management for fig fertilization. J. Clean. Prod. Vol. 190, 552-562.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.04.165.

Li, Y., Park, S.Y., Zhu, J., 2011. Solid-state anaerobic digestion for methane production from organic waste. Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev. Vol. 15, 821–826.

Mata-Alvarez, J., Mace, S., Llabrés, P., 2000. Anaerobic digestion of organic solid wastes. An overview of research achievements and perspectives. Bioresour. Technol. Vol. 74, 3–16.

Pavi, S., Kramer, L.E., Gomes, L.P., Miranda, L.A.S. 2017. Biogas production from co-digestion of organic fraction of municipal solid waste and fruit and vegetable waste. Bioresour. Technol. Vol. 228, 362–367

Scano, E.A., Asquer, C., Pistis, A., Ortu, L., Demontis, V., Cocco, D., 2014. Biogas from anaerobic digestion of fruit and vegetable wastes: experimental results on pilot-scale and preliminary performance evaluation of a full-scale power plant. Energy Convers. Manage. Vol. 77, 22-30.

Schanes, K., Dobernig, K., G€ozet, B., 2018. Food waste matters - a systematic review of household food waste practices and their policy implications. J. Clean. Prod. Vol. 182, 978-991.

Soeprijanto, Juzma Ilmahur Mawaddah, Rexy Widya Tauchid, Anfi Reynikha Fatullah, Sashi Agustina, 2019. Biogas production from canteen wastes using a vertical anaerobic digester. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknik Kimia "Kejuangan", 25 April 2019.

Soeprijanto, 2019. Biogas sebagai energi terbarukan (Biogas as Renewable Energy). Surabaya ITS Press.

Velmurugan, B. and Ramanujam, R. A., 2011. Anaerobic Digestion of Vegetable Wastes for Biogas Production in a Fed-Batch Reactor, Int. J. Emerg. Sci., Vol. 1. No.3, 478-486.

Wang, X., Yang, G., Feng, Y., Ren, G., Han, X., 2012. Optimizing feeding composition and carbon–nitrogen ratios for improved methane yield during anaerobic codigestion of dairy, chicken manure and wheat straw. Bioresour. Technol. Vol. 120, 78–83.

Zhang, C., Su, H., Baeyens, J., Tan, T., 2014. Reviewing the anaerobic digestion of food waste for biogas production. Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev. Vol. 38, 383–392.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31315/e.v17i2.3733

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


Eksergi p-ISSN  1410-394X, e-ISSN 2460-8203,  is published by Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Industrial Engineering, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional "Veteran" Yogyakarta.

Contact Chemical Engineering Department, UPN "Veteran" Yogyakarta Jl. SWK 104 (Lingkar Utara) Condong catur Sleman Yogyakarta

EKSERGI is associated to APTEKIM (Asosiasi Pendidikan Tinggi Teknik Kimia), Indonesia.


 Creative Commons License

Eksergi by http://jurnal.upnyk.ac.id/index.php/eksergi/index/ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

 

Lihat Statistik Jurnal Kami