Rifki Dermawan



Perubahan iklim telah menjadi isu penting lingkungan pada saat sekarang ini dan penelitian terkait fenomena alam tersebut telah berkembang ke berbagai cabang ilmu pengetahuan, termasuk studi keamanan. Hubungan antara perubahan iklim dan konflik kekerasan merupakan salah satu topik pembahasan. Isu tersebut masih berada dalam ranah perdebatan bagi akademisi dan pembuatan kebijakan karena mereka memiliki pandangan dan pemahaman yang beragam terkait hubungan sebab-akibat antara perubahan iklim dan konflik. Berdasarkan beberapa kasus, seperti konflik Sungai Nil, tsunami Boxing Day, dan perang sipil di Somalia, artikel ini menyimpulkan bahwa perubahan iklim bisa menjadi sumber konflik tetapi faktor-faktor yang lain juga berkontribusi terhadap konflik tersebut. Hasil dari observasi berdasarkan teori greed - grievance menunjukkan bahwa peran pemerintah dan kondisi sebuah negara juga memiliki pengaruh yang besar. Pemerintah memiliki peran penting dalam manajemen dan pencegahan konflik, sementara situasi sosial dan politik dari sebuah negara bisa menjadi faktor pemicu.

Kata kunci: Perubahan iklim, Konflik kekerasan, Hubungan sebab akibat


Climate change has become a majo r environmental issue nowadays and research regarding this natural phenomenon has expanded to various academic fields, including security studies. The link between climate change and violent conflict is one of the important topics of discussion. This subje ct is still debatable for scholars and policymakers since they have various perspectives and understandings on a cause - and - effect relationship between climate change and conflict. Based on several cases, such as the Nile River conflict, the Boxing Day tsun ami, and the Somali civil war, this article concludes that climate change can be a source of violent conflict, however, other factors also contribute to the event. The observation based on the greed - grievance theory indicates that role of the government an d the condition of the state have significant influence as well. Governments play an essential role in managing and preventing a conflict from erupting while the distinct social and political situation of a state can be a causal factor.

Keywords: Climate change, Violent conflict, C ause - and - effect relationship


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