PENINGKATAN KERJA SAMA MULTILATERAL DAN BILATERAL MELALUI DIPLOMASI KESEHATAN MENGENAI PENANGGULANGAN VAKSIN COVID-19 DI INDONESIA

Erna Kurniawati, Ludiro Madu

Abstract


Seperti negara-negara lain, Indonesia telah melakukan berbagai upaya diplomasi kesehatan untuk melindungi rakyatnya dari ancaman pandemi COVID-19. Tulisan ini bertujuan menganalisis peningkatan kerjasama internasional Indonesia dalam mengatasi pandemi melalui diplomasi kesehatan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif deskriptif. Data diperoleh dari sumber perpustakaan, seperti informasi dari berbagai lembaga pemerintah dan non-pemerintah, organisasi internasional, serta sumber dari berbagai jurnal dan media massa. Langkah selanjutnya adalah menafsirkan data-data tersebut sesuai dengan fokus kajian tulisan ini. Temuan penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kerja sama multilateral melalui fasilitas COVAX dan kerja sama bilateral untuk mendapatkan jaminan akses vaksin telah menjadi dua strategi penting. Kedua kerjasama itu bukannya saling meniadakan, namun justru saling melengkapi. Kedua diplomasi itu telah menghindarkan Indonesia dari kecenderungan menjalankan nasionalisme vaksin semata. Sebaliknya, pemerintah Indonesia telah menempatkan nasionalisme vaksin itu secara seimbang dan saling melengkapi dengan multilateralisme vaksin. Kedua strategi diplomasi itu dapat menjadi platform baru bagi diplomasi kesehatan Indonesia di masa pandemi COVID-19 ini. Dalam jangka panjang, identifikasi pemetaan ini dapat berkontribusi untuk pembuatan kebijakan pemerintah Indonesia untuk mengembangkan diplomasi kesehatan secara umum dan meningkatkan peran Indonesia dalam Kesehatan Global.


Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)

References


Jauh Hari Wawan S., "Diplomasi Jadi Strategi Menlu Penuhi Kebutuhan Vaksin Corona Indonesia" https://news.detik.com/berita-jawa-tengah/d-5719397/diplomasi-jadi-strategi-menlu-penuhi-kebutuhan-vaksin-corona-indonesia, diakses 15 Septermber 2021

Indira Rezkisari, “Diplomasi Vaksin Indonesia Dipuji”, https://republika.co.id/berita/qye5ne328/ diplomasi-vaksin-indonesia-dipuji, diakses 28 Agustus 2021

Humphrey Wangke, “Diplomasi Vaksin Indonesia Untuk Kesehatan Dunia,” Info Singkat, Vol. XIII, No. 1/I/Puslit/Januari/2021, DPR-RI, hal 7-12.

Seow Ting Lee, Vaccine diplomacy: Nation Branding and Chinas's COVID-19 soft power play, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8259554/, diakses 15 September 2021

"Europe is Considering COVID-19 Passport, Should the World Catch up? Time Magazine, March 4, 2021

Fitria Chusna Farisa, Istana: Presiden Jokowi Lakukan Diplomasi Vaksin Covid-19 Sejak 2020, Vaksinasi Indonesia Kini Nomor 6 di Dunia, https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2021/10/22/09104351/istana-presiden-jokowi-lakukan-diplomasi-vaksin-covid-19-sejak-2020?page=all, diakses 20 Septermber 2021

Beaton, E., Gadomski, M., Manson, D., & Tan, K. C. (2021). Crisis Nationalism: To What Degree Is National Partiality Justifiable during a Global Pandemic? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, 24(1), 285–300. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10677-021-10160-0

Bolcato, M., Rodriguez, D., Feola, A., Di Mizio, G., Bonsignore, A., Ciliberti, R., … Aprile, A. (2021). Covid-19 pandemic and equal access to vaccines. Vaccines, 9(6), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9060538

Carreño, I., Dolle, T., Medina, L., & Brandenburger, M. (2020). The implications of the Covid-19 pandemic on trade. European Journal of Risk Regulation, 11(2), 402–410. https://doi.org/10.1017/err.2020.48

Chattu, V. K., & Chami, G. (2020). Global health diplomacy amid the COVID-19 pandemic: A strategic opportunity for improving health, peace, and well-being in the CARICOM region-A systematic review. Social Sciences, 9(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/SOCSCI9050088

Davies, S. E., & Wenham, C. (2020). Why the COVID-19 response needs international relations. International Affairs, 96(5), 1227–1251. https://doi.org/10.1093/ia/iiaa135

Duan, Y., Shi, J., Wang, Z., Zhou, S., Jin, Y., & Zheng, Z. J. (2021). Disparities in covid-19 vaccination among low-, middle-, and high-income countries: The mediating role of vaccination policy. Vaccines, 9(8), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9080905

Eaton, L. (2021). Covid-19: WHO warns against "vaccine nationalism" or face further virus mutations. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 372(February), n292. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.n292

Eccleston-Turner, M., & Upton, H. (2021). International Collaboration to Ensure Equitable Access to Vaccines for COVID-19: The ACT-Accelerator and the COVAX Facility. Milbank Quarterly, 99(2), 426–449. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-0009.12503

Fidl, D. P. (2020). Vaccine nationalism's politics. Science, 369(6505), 749. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abe2275

Glance, A. T. A., & Lazarou, E. (2020). Foreign policy consequences of coronavirus. (June). Retrieved from http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank

Guimón, J., & Narula, R. (2020). Ending the COVID-19 Pandemic Requires More International Collaboration. Research Technology Management, 63(5), 38–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/08956308.2020.1790239

Hawa, K. (2014). Global Health Diplomacy: The Inextricable Links between Health and Foreign Policy. Retrieved from Juxta Magazine Policy & Practice website: https://juxtamagazine.org/2014/05/21/global-health-diplomacy/

Irwin, R. (2010). Indonesia, H5N1, and Global Health Diplomacy. Glob Health Gov.

Jackson, J., Weiss, M., Schwarzenberg, A., & Nelson, R. (2020). Global Economic Effects of COVID-19. Congressional Research Service, (20), 78. Retrieved from https://crsreports.congress.gov

Kersan-Škabić, I. (2021). The COVID-19 pandemic and the internationalization of production: A review of the literature. Development Policy Review, (April), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1111/dpr.12560

Loewenson, R., Modisenyane, M., & Pearcey, M. (2013). Concepts in and perspectives on global health diplomacy Interim Working paper In the Regional Network for Equity in Health in East and Southern Africa INTERIM WORKING PAPER.

Nhamo, G., Chikodzi, D., Kunene, H. P., & Mashula, N. (2021). COVID-19 vaccines and treatments nationalism: Challenges for low-income countries and the attainment of the SDGs. Global Public Health, 16(3), 319–339. https://doi.org/10.1080/17441692.2020.1860249

Sharma, P., Leung, T. Y., Kingshott, R. P. J., Davcik, N. S., & Cardinali, S. (2020). Managing uncertainty during a global pandemic: An international business perspective. Journal of Business Research, 116(May), 188–192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2020.05.026

Shrestha, N., Shad, M. Y., Ulvi, O., Khan, M. H., Karamehic-Muratovic, A., Nguyen, U. S. D. T., … Haque, U. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 on globalization. One Health, 11, 100180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.onehlt.2020.100180

Sohrabi, C., Alsafi, Z., O’Neill, N., Khan, M., Kerwan, A., Al-Jabir, A., … Agha, R. (2020). World Health Organization declares global emergency: A review of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19). International Journal of Surgery, 76(February), 71–76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2020.02.034

van Barneveld, K., Quinlan, M., Kriesler, P., Junor, A., Baum, F., Chowdhury, A., … Rainnie, A. (2020). The COVID-19 pandemic: Lessons on building more equal and sustainable societies. Economic and Labour Relations Review, 31(2), 133–157. https://doi.org/10.1177/1035304620927107

Zhou, Y. R. (2021). Vaccine nationalism: contested relationships between COVID-19 and globalization. Globalizations, 0(0), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1080/14747731.2021.1963202

Zimmermann, K. F., Karabulut, G., Bilgin, M. H., & Doker, A. C. (2020). Inter-country distancing, globalisation and the coronavirus pandemic. World Economy, 43(6), 1484–1498. https://doi.org/10.1111/twec.12969




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31315/jsdk.v14i2.6820

DOI (PDF (Indonesian)): https://doi.org/10.31315/jsdk.v14i2.6820.g4438

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 


 Jurnal Studi Diplomasi dan Keamanan indexed by: