Performa Sistem Integrasi PEM Fuel cell dan PEM Elektrolizer : Perangkat Energi Carrier di Indonesia

Ramli Sitanggang, Wahid Muchlason, Aprin Pratama Lubis


Indonesia has a landmass of approximately 1.9 million km2 is composed of 17.5 thousand large and small island surrounded by seas and oceans around 3.2 million km2.Indonesia's geographical conditions require specific transport and distribution of energy by energy carrier method of a primary source of energy toregions in Indonesia. In recent years, research has developed a PEM fuel cell for power plants, and PEM electrolyser for cheap Hydrogen production, especially electrolysis of water. In an integrated system, specifically PEM fuel cell and PEM electrolysernot much is explained about the influence of voltage, temperature, and time against the performance of the integrated system.Based on the description above, the performance system integration of PEM fuel cell with PEM electrolyser needed in the system integration. Converter power PEM electrolyser into Hydrogen followed by conversion Hydrogen PEM fuel cell into electric power has become the specific operating integration lines. Performance characteristics of operating system integration line shows the higher power generated PEM fuel cell then PEM electrolyser power needed the higher. On the application of the operating line Integration PEM fuel cell and PEM electrolyser can be applied at low temperature until high temperature (25oC until 100oC).


Performance of PEM electrolyser, Performance of PEM fuel cell, Modeling Integration, Energy Carrier


Abderezzak B., Khelidj B., & Abbes M. T. Performances prediction study for proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2014; 39 (27): 15206–15214.

AlZahrani A. A., Dincer I. Thermodynamic and electrochemical analyses of a solid oxide electrolyzer for hydrogen production, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2017; 42 (33): 21404–21413.

Becker S., Karri V. Predictive models for PEM-electrolyzer performance using adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference systems,Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2010; 35 (18): 9963–9972.

Chaisubanan N., Maniwan W., Hunsom M. Effect of heat-treatment on the performance of PtM/C (M = Cr, Pd, Co) catalysts towards the oxygen reduction reaction in PEM fuel cell, Energy2017; 127: 454–461.

Corona-Guinto J.L., dkk. Performance of a PEM electrolyzer using RuIrCoOx electrocatalysts for the oxygen evolution electrode, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2013; 38 (28): 12667–12673.

Devrim Y., Bilir L. Performance investigation of a wind turbine–solar photovoltaic panels–fuel cell hybrid system installed at İncek region – Ankara, Turkey,Energy Convers 2016; 126: 759–766.

Ganguly A., Misra D., & Ghosh S. Modeling and analysis of solar photovoltaic-electrolyzer-fuel cell hybrid power system integrated with a floriculture greenhouse, Energy Build 2010; 42 (11): 2036–2043.

Gonnet A. E., Robles S., & Moro L. Performance study of a PEM fuel cell,Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2012; 37 (19): 14757–14760.

Han B., Steen S. M., & Zhang F. Y. Electrochemical performance modeling of a proton exchange membrane electrolyzer cell for hydrogen energy, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2015; 40 (22): 7006–7016.

Ito H, dkk. Experimental study on porous current collectors of PEM electrolyzers,Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2012; 37 (9): 7418–7428.

Koponen J., dkk. Control and energy efficiency of PEM water electrolyzers in renewable energy systems, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2017;2.

Kurnia J. C., Sasmito A.P., & Shamim T. Performance evaluation of a PEM fuel cell stack with variable inlet flows under simulated driving cycle conditions, Appl. Energy 2017; 206: 751–764.

Mert S. O., Dincer I., Ozcelik Z. Performance investigation of a transportation PEM fuel cell system, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2012; 37 (1): 623–633.

Millet P., dkk. PEM water electrolyzers: From electrocatalysis to stack development, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2010; 35 (10): 5043–5052.

O’Hayre R. Fuel cell Fundamentals. New York USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2017.

Ou K., Yuan W. W., Yang S., & Kim Y. B., Performance investigation of a transportation PEM fuel cell system, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2012; 37 (1): 623–633.

Ozden E., & Tari I. PEM fuel cell degradation effects on the performance of a stand-alone solar energy system, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2017; 42 (18): 13217–13225.

Özgirgin E., Devrim Y., & Albostan A. Modeling and simulation of a hybrid photovoltaic (PV) module-electrolyzer-PEM fuel cell system for micro-cogeneration applications, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2015; 40 (44): 15336–15342.

Pinar F. J., dkk. Performance of a high-temperature PEM fuel cell operated with oxygen enriched cathode air and hydrogen from synthetic reformate, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2015; 40 (15): 5432–5438.

Seyhan M., dkk. Performance prediction of PEM fuel cell with wavy serpentine flow channel by using artificial neural network, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2017; 42 (40): 25619–25629.

Siracusano S., dkk. Optimization of components and assembling in a PEM electrolyzer stack,Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2011; 36 (5): 3333–3339.

Tamalouzt S., dkk. Performances analysis of WT-DFIG with PV and fuel cell hybrid power sources system associated with hydrogen storage hybrid energy system,Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2016; 41 (45): 21006–21021.

Tijani A. S., & Rahim A. H. A. Numerical Modeling the Effect of Operating Variables on Faraday Efficiency in PEM Electrolyzer. Procedia Technol 2016; 26: 419–427.

Waller M.G., Walluk M. R., & Trabold T. A. Performance of high temperature PEM fuel cell materials. Part 1: Effects of temperature, pressure and anode dilution,Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2016; 41 (4). 2944–2954.

Yang Z., Zhang G., & Lin B. Performance evaluation and optimum analysis of a photovoltaic-driven electrolyzer system for hydrogen production, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2015; 40 (8): 3170–3179.

Zhang C., dkk. Dynamic performance of a high-temperature PEM fuel cell - An experimental study. Energy 2015; 90: 1949–1955


  • There are currently no refbacks.