Teknologi Bersih Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) dari Limbah Cair Tempe Sebagai Sumber Energi Listrik Terbarukan

M. Syahri, Titik Mahargiani, Atras Ghali Indrabrata

Abstract


Microbial Fuel Cell represent one of the technology convert energi exploiting ability of  bakteri catalise used to metabolism in form of bacterium.  Abacterium here is anaerob bacterium, where its bacterium can convert assortedly of organic compound become CO2, water, and energi. Through MFC some of yielded energi can be taken in in the form of electrics. MFC consist of two room which consist of anodize and cathode room, bacterium live at anodize room and alter substrat like glucose, acetate also liquid waste become CO2, proton, and electron. This attempt is conducted by including tempe liquid waste media into chamber counted each 400 ml and 800 ml., dominant microbe in tempe liquid waste is Clostridium sp microbe. Electrolyte condensation 0,1N  also passed to each volume 400 ml and this 800 research ml.  it is got by highest voltage that is  tempe liquid waste volume 800 ml electrode diameter and ml 0,4 cm equal to 675.  best Power Density mV  at  tempe liquid waste volume 800 ml that is at electrode diameter 0,4 cm at second hour equal to 244,11 mW / cm2.


Keywords


microbial fuell cell (MFC), limbah cair

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)

References


Cheng L et al. Increased performance of single-chamber microbial fuel cells using an improved cathode structure. Resource in US Journal (Electrochemistry Communications) 2006; Vol.8, 489494.

Guerero-Larossa A, Scott K, Katuri KP, Gordinez C, Head IM, dan Curtis T. Open circuit versus closed circuit enrichment of anodic biofilm in mfc : Effect on performance and anodic commuinities. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2010; 87:1669-1713.

Harahap, Sampe. Pencemaran perairan akibat kadar amoniak yang tinggi dari limbah cair industri tempe. Fakultas Perikanan dan IlmuKelautan. Universitas Riau. 2013.

Idham F, Halimi S, dan Latifah S. Alternatif baru sumber pembangkit listrik dengan menggunakan sedimen laut tropika melalui teknologi microbial fuel cell. Teknologi Hasil Perairan Institut. Pertanian Bogor. 2009.

Kim In S, Kyu Jung Chae, Mi-Jin Choi dan Willy Verstroele. Microbial fuel cells : Recent advance, bacterial communities & aplication beyond elektricity generation. Korean Society of Environmental Engineers 2008.

Min B, dan Logan BE. Continuous electricity generation from domestic waste water and organic substrates in a flat plate microbial fuel cell. Environ Sci Technol 2004; 38(21),5809-5814.

Rahimnejad M, Ghoreyshi AA, Najafpour G, & Jafary T. Power generation from organic substrate in batch and continuous flow microbial fuel cell operations. Applied Energy 2011; 88(11), 3999–4004.

Said NI, dan A Herlambang. Teknologi pengolahan limbah tahu tempe dengan proses biofilter anaerob dan aerob. Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi. Jakarta. 2002.

Sumarsih. Pertumbuhan Mikroba Bab 1, 2007.

http://sumarsih07.files.wordpree.com.2008/11/1.pertumbuhan.mikroba.pdf (diakses pada November 2016)

Yang Jia. Effect of the Pt leading side and cathode biofilm on the performance of a membrane less and single chamber microbial fuel cell. Bioresource Technology 2008.

Zahara, Nova Chisilia. Pemanfaatan saccharomyces cerevisiae dalam Sistem microbial fuel cell untuk produksi energi listrik. Fakultas Teknik. Universitas Indonesia. 2001.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.