Pembuatan Prototipe Alfa Gd Oksida dari Konsentrat Itrium

Tri Handini, Wahyu Rachmi Pusparini, Rahmatika Alfia Amiliana

Abstract


Making alpha prototype of Gd Oxide from yttrium concentrates. A prototype of Gd oxide has been made from yttrium concentrate that produced by xenotime sand. The process is carried out by extraction and deposition. The solvent used for the extraction process is D2EHPA with kerosene as diluent, and the deposition process with ammonia. Feed of extraction is yttrium concentrate which is dissolved in nitric acid and the pH is set. Determination of Gd content and other rare earth metal impurities were analyzed using X-ray fluorescence. The purpose of this study was to obtain relatively pure of Gd oxide. The variable that influence the separation process of Gd: pH of the feed solution, extraction time, ratio of feed and organic phase. This reaserach is obtained Gd oxide concentrate 5.1613 grams with the content of Y2O3 = 13.24%, Gd2O3 = 22.28% and Dy2O3= 2.27%.


Keywords


gadolinium, xenotime sand, extraction, D2EHPA

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)

References


Balaram V. Rare earth elements: A review of applications, occurrence, exploration, analysis, recycling, and environmental impact. Geoscience Frontiers 2019; 10: 1285-1303.

Bintarti N, Subagiono R, Purwani MV, Bambang EHB. Proses ekstraksi untuk memisahkan unsur-unsur logam tanah jarang dalam konsentrat dari pasir monasit. Prosiding Pertemuan dan Presentasi Ilmiah Penelitian Dasar Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi Nuklir 2003; 2: 56-61.

Budiasih E. Pemahaman tentang perbedaan koefisien distribusi dan angka banding distribusi dalam ekstraksi. MIPA dan Pembelajarannya, Malang: Universitas Negeri Malang; 1998, vol 27 no 2.

Hartadi S. Ekstraksi Dysprosium dari konsentrat logam tanah jarang menggunakan TOPO. STTN BATAN, Yogyakarta, Skripsi, 2006.

Jha MK, Kumari A, Panda R, Kumar JR, Yoo K, Lee JY. Hydrometallurgy review on hydrometallurgical recovery of rare earth metals. Hydrometallurgy 2016; 165 (1): 2-26

Khalifa ME, Mortada WI, El-defrawy MM, Awad AA. Selective separation of gadolinium from a series of f-block elements by cloud point extraction and its application for analysis of real samples. Microchemical Journal 2019; 151: 104214.

Knutson HK, Max-Hansen M, Jonsson C, Borg N, Nilsson B. Experimental productiviy rate optimization of rare earth element separation through preparative solid phase extraction chromatography. Journal of Chromatography A. 2014; 1348: 47-51.

Nugroho L. Optimasi proses ekstraksi stripping itirum (y) dari konsentrat logam tanah jarang hasil olah pasir senotim. Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Skripsi. 2019.

Sun-Cho Li, Sok-Chol Kim, Chung-Su Kang, Chol-Ju Kim, Chol-Jin Kang. Separation of samarium, europium, and gadolinium in high purity using photochemical reduction-extraction chromatography. Hydrometallurgy 2018; 178: 181-187.

Vijayalakshmi R, Singh DK, Kotekar MK, Singh H. Separation of high purity gadolinium for reactor application by solvent extraction process. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 2014; 300: 129-135.

Wasito B, Biyantoro D. Optimasi proses pembuatan oksida logam tanah jarang dari pasir senotim dan analisis produk dengan spektrometer pendar sinar-x. Prosiding Seminar Nasional SDM Teknologi Nuklir 2009; 5: 677-686

Xie F, Zhang TA, Dreisinger D, Doyle F. A critical review on solvent extraction of rare earths from aqueous solutions. Minerals Engineerng 2014; 56: 10-28.

Zhifeng Z, Qiong J, Wuping L. Progress in the separation processes for rare earth resources. In: Jean CB, Vitali KP, editors. Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths, Amsterdam: Elsevier BV. 2015: 287-376.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.