Ekstraksi Minyak Atsiri Biji Kapulaga Menggunakan Bantuan Microwave sebagai Pemanas

Patricio Stevano Ray Reko, Fergita Nur Indah Sari, Yustia Wulandari, Dian Yanuarita

Abstract


Cardamon (Amomum Cardamomum) is one of plantations yielding essential oil. It is commonly recognized as a cooking spice and contains terpineol, sineol, borneol, and camphor that are powerful to dilute sputum and liquid excretion from stomach, warming body, cleaning blood, releasing pain, scenting and generating aroma. The research was to identify the chemical compositions contained in Cardamom seed essential oil by extracting the Cardamon seeds using a microwave as a heater and find essential solutions to the yielded Cardamom essential oil. The solution used was ethanol 96% and n-hexane. The extraction process adopted a microwave with 380-Watt power, and extraction time for 30 minutes, 60 minutes and 90 minutes. The best solutions were ethanol 96% yielding 6.76% with extraction time for 90 minutes and n- hexane yielding 5.44% with extraction time for 30 minutes.


Keywords


Cardamom, extraction, essential oil, heater, microwave

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References


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