Pembuatan Bahan Bakar Minyak (BBM) dari Sampah Plastik Menggunakan Proses Pirolisis

Bambang Sugiarto, Joshua Rio Arfianto, Kris Monika

Abstract


Pyrolysis of plastic waste is a thermochemical decomposition process of organic material in plastics with a heating process using little or no oxygen. This research does to determine the effect of the type of plastic waste on the amount of pyrolysis oil. The pyrolysis of plastic waste is carried out using PolyPropylene (PP) plastic seed feed and High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) plastic waste. Variable pyrolysis reactor feed that is as much as 500 grams - 2500 grams for each type of plastic. In this study using a reactor made of stainless steel with a maximum capacity of 3000 grams. The heat source used to heat the reactor is biomass pellets made from 100% wood. The pyrolysis oil produced from Polypropylene seeds is 72%, while the pyrolysis oil produced from High Density Polyethylene plastic waste is 31%. The yield difference is quite high due to the plastic seeds having a higher level of purity compared to plastic waste. The resulting pyrolysis oil density results close to the density value of Pertamax fuel. The heating value of pyrolysis oil is close to the heating value of kerosene. The flash point value of pyrolysis oil is included in the kerosene flash point value.

Keywords


pyrolysis, PolyPropylene, High Density Polyethylene, density, heating value.

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References


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