Pengaruh Variasi Perekat pada Briket Berbahan Limbah Tempurung Kelapa

Ricky Herjunata, Shafira Ratna Noviandini, Siti Diyar Kholisoh

Abstract


World’s energy demand increasingly grows along the time, especially energy source from fossil fuels. Unfortunately, these fuels generate more GHG (greenhouse gas) emission, which leading to the global warming. Nowadays it encourages the development of some alternative renewable energy, such as biomass. The abundant waste of coconut shell in Indonesia can be utilized as biomass briquettes (bio-briquettes). An adhesive, such as starch, pine resin, or clay, has an important role while producing these briquettes. This research was aimed to study the effect of some kinds of adhesives on briquettes. This laboratory work was conducted by mixing the pyrolyzed coconut shell waste powder with a certain adhesive composition. Afterwards, the mixture was molded into briquettes and dried. Briquettes’ quality was therefore analyzed through their content of moisture, volatile matter, ash, bound carbon, and the heating value. Adhesives used for making briquettes comprised starch (5%, 10%, 15%), pine resin (40%, 45%, 50%), and clay (40%, 45%, 50%). Briquette on 5%-starch composition showed the relatively best characteristics with the content of moisture, volatile matter, ash, bound carbon, and calorific value of 6.74%, 11.78%, 2.94%, 78.52%, and 7027.40 cal/g, respectively. This result was subsequently compared to Indonesia’s national standards (SNI), as well.

Keywords


adhesive, bio-briquette, coconut shell, renewable energy

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)

References


Badan Standarisasi Nasional. 2000. Charcoal Briquettes. http://sispk.bsn.go.id/SNI/DetailSNI/5750 (diakses 15 November 2019)

Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan. 2019. Statistik Perkebunan Indonesia. Jakarta.

http://ditjenbun.pertanian.go.id/melejitnya-ekspor-sabut-dan-arang-kelapa-indonesia/ (diakses 15 November 2019)

Iskandar H, Kresno DS. Panduan singkat cara pembuatan arang kayu alternatif. Center for International Forest Research. Jakarta. 2005

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral. 2006. Pedoman Pembuatan dan Pemanfaatan Briket Batubara dan Bahan Bakar Padat Berbasis Batubara. Peraturan Menteri Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral No. 047 2006. Jakarta.

Sari MK. Potensi dan peluang kelayakan ekspor: kelayakan ekspor arang tempurung kelapa (coconut shell charcoal) di Kabupaten Banyumas. Mediagro 2011; 7 (2): 69–82.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.