Development of Local Institutions towards on Participation and Communication Model in the United Kingdom

Eko Priyo Purnomo

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan keterlibatan para pemangku kepentingan dan mengelaborasi model komunikasi yang telah digunakannya. Partisipasi adalah istilah yang sangat populer dan nilai yang berhubungan dengan pengembangan serta implementasi kebijakan pada level lokal, nasional dan internasional. Ada beberapa isu untuk melihat pengembangan komunitas secara lestari dan berkelanjutan. Pertama, sebuah mekanisme kelembagaan yang dapat membuat aturan dan penegakan aturan tersebut. Kedua, peningkatan kapasitas yang membuat masyarakat setempat dapat membangun hubungan yang setara dengan para pemangku kepentingan lain seperti pemerintah daerah dan pembeli. Ketiga adalah transparansi kelembagagan yang mendukung sistem informasi dan kesetaraan antara pemangku kepentingan di masyarakat. Hal ini dapat ditunjukkan dengan melihat model komunikasi para pemangku kepentingan yang digunakan. Isu yang terakhir adalah tingkat fleksibilitas dan adaptif dari komunitas tersebut. Metode kualitatif sebagai metode dalam penelitian ini. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode untuk mengumpulkan data, seperti etnografi dan pendekatan partisipatif. Data dianalisis menggunakan metode kualitatif. Observasi dan wawancara mendalam dilakukan di kelompok masyarakat yang dipilih dan terletak di Leeds, Inggris. Sebagai sebuah studi kasus adalah Proyek Bardon Grange (Bardon Grange Allotment Project), sebuah lembaga yang diprakarsai oleh Leeds Student Union (LSU). Organisasi ini dipilih karena mereka telah mengimplementasikan kerja berbasis lokal dan mereka telah membentuk beberapa inisiatif lokal.


Keywords


institutions, stakeholders, participation and communication models.

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)

References


Agrawal, Arun, 2001, ‘Common property institutions and sustainable governance of resources’, World Development, 29 (10).

Anderson, P., 1999, ‘Complexity Theory and Organization Science’, Journal Organization Science, 10 (3).

Angus, Ian, 2008, ‘the Myth of the Tragedy of the Commons’, the monthly review. anonim ‘http://basiccollegeaccounting.com/test-questions-on-management-organization-behavioralbusiness-management/’, accessed 20 May 2010.

Barclay, P., 2004, ‘Trustworthiness and competitive altruism can also solve the “tragedy of the commons”’, Evolution and Human Behavior, 25 (4).

Barrett, C. B., Lee, D. R., and McPeak, J. G., 2005, ‘Institutional arrangements for rural poverty reduction and resource conserva- tion’, World Development, 33 (2).

Behera, B. and Engel, S., 2006, ‘Institutional analysis of evolution of joint forest management in India: A new institutional economics approach’, Forest Policy and Economics, 8 (4), 350-62.

Berkes, Fikret and International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, 1989, Common property resources : ecology and community-based sustainable development, Belhaven Press, London, New York.

Bischoff, I., 2007, ‘Institutional choice versus communication in social dilemmas - An experimental approach’, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 62 (1).

Denzin,Norman Kand Lincoln, Yvonna S., 2000, Handbook of Qualitative Research 2, Thousand Oaks, California.

Doyle, D., 1991, ‘Sustainable Development - Growth without Losing Ground’, Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 46 (1).

Doyle, J., Armstrong, R., and Waters, E., 2008, ‘Issues raised in systematic reviews of complex multisectoral and community based interventions’, Journal of Public Health, 30 (2).

Fairhead, James and Leach, Melissa, 1996, Misreading the African landscape : society and ecology in a forest-savanna mosaic, African studies series 90, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York.

FAO, 2007, ‘State of the World’s Forests’, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

Fletcher, A., et al, 2003, ‘Mapping stakeholder perceptions for a third sector organization’, Journal of Intellectual Capital 4(4).

Futemma, C., et al., 2002, ‘The emergence and outcomes of collective action: An institutional and ecosystem approach’, Society and Natural Resources, 15 (6).

Gomm, Roger, Hammersley, Martyn, and Foster, Peter, 2000, Case study method : key issues, key texts, Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE, London .

Griffin, Emory A., 2006, A first look at communication theory (6th edn.), McGraw-Hill, Boston.

———, 2009, A first look at communication theory (7th edn.), McGraw-Hill Higher Education, Boston.

Hay, Ian, 2005, Qualitative Research Methods in Human Geography (2 edn.; Qualitative Research Methods in Human Geography: Oxford University Press).

Idlo, 2010, ‘Customary Right to Land’, , accessed 23 March 2010.

James, R., 2003, ‘Community-based participatory research for health’, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 27 (6).

Lawson, Clive, Latsis, John, and Martins, Nuno, 2007, Contributions to social ontology, Routledge studies in critical realism; Abingdon, Oxon, Routledge, New York.

Lele, S. M., 1991, ‘Sustainable Development-a Critical-Review’, World Development, 19 (6).

Libecap, G. D., 2009, ‘The tragedy of the commons: property rights and markets as solutions to resource and environmental problems’, Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 53 (1).

Lillemets, Krista, 2003, Exploring participation: Waste management cases in two favelas of Rio de Janeiro, Instituto Brasileiro de Inovações em Saúde Social (IBISS), Rio de aneiro, Brazil.

Littlejohn, Stephen W. and Foss, Karen A., 2008, Theories of human communication (9th edn.), Thomson/Wadsworth, Belmont, CA.

McAllister, R. R. J., Smajgl, A., and Asafu-Adjaye, J., 2007, ‘Forest logging and institutional thresholds in developing southeast Asian economies: A conceptual model’, Forest Policy and Economics, 9 (8).

Miller, Katherine, 2005, Communication theories : perspectives, processes, and contexts (2nd edn.), McGraw-Hill, Boston.

Mitchell, B., 1994, ‘Sustainable Development at the Village Level in Bali, Indonesia’, Human Ecology, 22 (2).

Mukhija, V., 2005, ‘Collective action and property rights: A planner’s critical look at the dogma of private property’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 29 (4),.

Nygren, A., 2005, ‘Community-based forest man- agement within the context of institutional decentralization in Honduras’, World Development, 33 (4).

Ostrom, 2008, ‘Tragedy of the Ecological Commons’, Encyclopedia of Ecology. Ostrom, et al., 1999, ‘Sustainability - Revisiting the commons: Local lessons, global challenges’, Science, 284 (5412).

Quinn, C. H., et al., 2007, ‘Design principles and common pool resource management: An institutional approach to evaluating community management in semiarid Tanzania’, Journal of Environmental Management, 84 (1).

Reed, M. S., et al., 2009, ‘Who’s in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management’, Journal of Environmental Management, 90 (5).

Smajgl, Alex and Larson, Silva, 2007, Sustainable resource use : institutional dynamics and economics, Sterling, VA: Earthscan, London.

Stake, Robert E., 2006, Multiple case study analysis, The Guilford Press, New York, London.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)




 Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi indexed by:

 


Copyright of Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi ISSN 1693-3028 (print), ISSN 2407-8220 (online)

Alamat:

Kampus II UPN "Veteran" Yogyakarta, Jl. Babarsari 2, Tambakbayan, Yogyakarta 55281
Phone: (0274)485268

Fax: (0274)487147

Email: jik@upnyk.ac.id 

Web
Analytics View My Stats